The club, who are managed by former Manchester United and England striker Wayne Rooney, announced late last week that they planned to call in administrators on Friday.
The decision was made after owner Mel Morris said the COVID-19 pandemic cost roughly £20m in lost revenue.
The points deduction means that the Rams now sit bottom of the table on minus two points.
Carl Hosking, who is one of the managing directors at business advisory firm Quantuma, who have been appointed administrators, has invited "interested parties" to come forward in order "to safeguard the club and its employees".
He said: "We are in the early stages of assessing the options available to the club and would invite any interested parties to come forward,"
"Our immediate objectives are to ensure the club completes all its fixtures in the Championship this season and finding interested parties to safeguard the club and its employees."
Owner Morris has been trying to sell the club for two years since they lost out in the Championship play-off final to Aston Villa, which if they won would have seen them promoted to the Premier League.
Morris said previously that the club has lost him "in excess of £200m" to date.
Derby have been under a transfer embargo since before the summer window opened, meaning the Rams have only been allowed to sign free agents with strict conditions on salaries.
Speaking to BBC Radio Derby at the weekend Morris suggested there is interest in buying the club.
He said there had been "something in the region" of 15 enquiries of which two or three were "very serious".
Rooney, who is England's record goal scorer, has been managing the club fulltime since January when he officially retired as a player, and recently said he wouldn't walk away from his position no matter what.
He said: "I have said before that I am committed to this club and this group of players.
"I love working with them.
"I’m committed to the staff and I care about them.
"I’ll do all I can to get us through.
"We will get through it for the better though there are tough times ahead in the near future."