The England captain will lead his nation's hopes at Euro 2020 and is desperate to be part of the team that wins England first honour since the World Cup in 1966.
Kane told ES Magazine: "I hope my mum doesn’t mind me revealing her age, but she was born in 1966. My dad was born in 1964, so he was two when England won the World Cup.
"That is how long ago we are talking about, and it’s down to us to put that right. I think if I finish my career as a footballer without winning a major trophy for England, I would see that as a failure.
"I know we are still progressing, still got room to improve, but that is the goal and I think we can do that."
Kane is wary of the threat posed by the continent's heavyweights at the delayed finals but thinks that England can strike fear into their rivals.
The Spurs striker added: "There is a lot of expectation but there is a lot of belief. I know these players and I feel we are ready for anything.
"There are some great teams — France, Belgium, Germany, Spain, Italy, Portugal — and to win it we know we have to beat some of those teams, and that is the challenge.
"But I know for sure, none of those teams will want to face us. A lot of their best players play with us and against us, week in, week out; they know we are a tough opponent for any of them."